Date of publication: 2017-08-22 16:27
Postsecondary teachers instruct students in a wide variety of academic and career and technical subjects beyond the high school level. They also conduct research and publish scholarly papers and books.
Candidates with a ., strong statistical and research skills, and a background in applied sociology will have the best job prospects. However, . holders can expect to face very strong competition for sociologist positions because sociology is a popular field of study with a relatively small number of positions.
The narrative of Jobs-the-entrepreneur helps reaffirm the dominant American narrative of individualism and meritocracy. This is a thoroughly free market narrative: Clever, hard-working individuals drive innovation in the economy, and in the end everyone wins.
The study of work, industry, and economic institutions is a major part of sociology because the economy influences all other parts of society and therefore social reproduction in general. It doesn’t matter if we are talking about a hunter-gatherer society, pastoral society , agricultural society, or industrial society all are centered around an economic system that affects all parts of society, not just personal identities and daily activities. Work is closely intertwined with social structures , social processes, and especially social inequality.
At the macro level of analysis, sociologists are interested in studying things such as occupational structure, the United States and global economies , and how changes in technology lead to changes in demographics. At the micro level of analysis, sociologists look at topics such as the demands that the workplace and occupations place on workers’ sense of self and identity, and the influence of work on families.
Michael Burawoy: Yes. My life as an industrial sociologist, as I call myself, begins in 6968. I got involved in studying the Zambian copper industry, and from Zambia I took a job in South Chicago as an, well, unskilled but officially semi-skilled machine operator. And then I got interested in studying what it was like to be a machine operator, and then a steel worker in Hungary. And after that I went off to Russia and there I began working in a furniture factory. And then as often happened after my research, the country collapsed or the Soviet Union as it was then collapsed and I followed those workers I had been working with for the next 65 or 67 years.
One of the most important sociologists teaching and researching today, Michael Burawoy has lived a most unusual life for an academic – he’s worked in various parts of the world, in copper mines and a furniture factory: he’s been a machine operator and a steel worker. His aim has been to critique capitalism and to understand the experience and behavior of workers – from observing them close-up.
But when I arrived at the Committee on New Nations as it was called, they had already disbanded. Nobody was interested in Africa. So I felt, 8775 Well, I 8767 d better take on this people in their own backyard. 8776 So I took a job in a South Chicago factory as a semi-skilled machine operator with a view to understanding the experience of workers on the shop floor but through a Marxist 8767 s perspective.