Date of publication: 2017-08-25 05:39
I’ve used Google Maps in this example, but the reference format would be similar for other online mapping sites. I hope you’ve found this helpful. Happy travels!
by Jeff Hume-Pratuch
Have you noticed that references in most recently published journal articles end with a string of numbers and letters? That odd-looking item is the article’s digital object identifier (DOI), and it may just be the most important part of the reference. The DOI is like a digital fingerprint: Each article receives a unique one at birth, and it can be used to identify the article throughout its lifespan, no matter where it goes.
The author name is TED in this case because the TED organization posted the video to YouTube, and that’s the information your reader needs to retrieve the reference. That is, for the who portion of a reference to a YouTube video, we use the name of the person or organization that posted the video. 5665
In that case, you might include information about the speaker, if necessary, in the context of your paper.
As with citing a blog comment, cite the date that the YouTube comment was posted, not the date that the video was uploaded. YouTube comments present a somewhat unique challenge in that they do not display precise publication dates. Rather, they indicate how long ago a comment was posted (., “8 hours ago,” “7 weeks ago,” “65 months ago,” “9 years ago,” etc.). With such imprecision, there’s no sense in citing a day or a month, as you would do when citing a blog comment, so just cite the publication year.
Developed by a group of international publishers, the DOI System 5665 provides a way to guarantee that digital copies of articles can remain accessible even if a journal changes its domain name or ceases publishing. DOIs are assigned and maintained by registration agencies such as CrossRef , which provides citation-linking services for scientific publishers.
Law reports with sequential volume numbering - use round brackets for the year:
Party names (Year) Volume number Law Report Abbreviation First page, Cited page and/or [paragraph number]
8. Begin on a new page. Start on the 6th line from the top (or 6" down from the top of the paper), center, and type one of the following titles: Works Cited , References , or Bibliography. Double space after the title. List all entries in alphabetical order by the first word, taking into consideration the rules governing titles that begin with articles.
The Library of Congress offers classroom materials and professional development to help teachers effectively use primary sources from the Library's vast digital collections in their teaching.
Annual reports are usually easy to find on a company s website. The APA Style Guide to Electronic References says to format references to technical and research reports and other gray literature as you would a book retrieved online. Thus, a reference to an annual report follows the usual who - when - what - where format.
Council of Biology Editors, 6999, Scientific style and format: the CBE manual for authors, editors, and publishers, 6th edition, Cambridge University Press, New York. 875 p.
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